(2500 BCE - 1200 BCE)
Cycladic - Cycladic Islands, burial mounds, 2500 BCE
Minoan - Island of Crete, Place of Knossos, 1500 BCE
Mycenaean - mainland Greece, citadel at Mycenae, 1200 BCE
(900 - 31 BCE)
ARCHAIC PERIOD: ca. 625 - 480 BCE
EARLY CLASSICAL PERIOD: ca. 480-450 BCE
HIGH CLASSICAL PERIOD: ca. 450-400 BCE
LATE CLASSICAL PERIOD: ca. 400-330 BCE
HELLENISTIC PERIOD: ca. 330-31 BCE
CONTENT: What do you see?
FORM: The details (what you see more exactly). How the artist delivers the content.
CONTEXT: Everything NOT observable.
FUNCTION: The intended purpose of the work.
26. Athenian Agora
27. Anavayos Kouros
28. Peplos Kore
33. Niobides Krater
35. Acropolis and Parthenon
37. Nike of Samothrace
38. Altar of Zeus and Athena at Pergamon
Achilles and Ajax, Exekias
Andokides Painter, Bilingual Amphora
West Pediment of the Temple of Aphaia
Dying Warrior West Pediment Aphaia (archaic)
Dying Warrior East Pediment Aphaia
Warrior of the sea of Riace
Aphrodite of Knidos
Hermes and Infant Dionysos
Aphrodite of Melos
Laocoon and His Sons
The art of Ancient Greece and Rome is grounded in civic ideals and polytheism. Etruscan and Roman artists and architects accumulated and adapted Greek objects and forms to create buildings and artworks that appealed to their tastes for eclecticism and historicism (social and cultural phenomena determined by history). Archaeological models and artworks are identified by periods based on stylistic changes and assigned to periods according to styles (archaic, Classical, Hellenistic). Art considered Ancient Greek is not defined by politics - governments or dynasties. Artists were influenced by earlier Mediterranean cultures. Ancient Greek architecture and figural representations are characterized by ideal proportions and spatial relationships, expressing the society’s values of harmony and balance. Their art provides the foundation for the later development of European and Mediterranean artistic traditions. From the 18th century on, Europe and America admired Ancient Greek ethical and governmental systems: art and architecture that could be associated with political elites and cultural capitals. The Greek culture had a tradition of epic storytelling that glorified the exploits of gods, goddesses, and heroes. They had a highly developed rhetorical tradition that prized public oratory and poetry.
LOST WAX PROCESS